History of the department
The Department of Russian Philology - one of the oldest at the university - has been operating since 1932. The history of the department is closely connected with the biographies of outstanding scientists and teachers who have made a significant contribution to the development of education and upbringing in Kazakhstan. They are Boyko V.S., Utekhina K.A., Malecha N.M., Evstratov N.G., Sollertinsky E.E., Fokin N.I., Kostyukov V.M., Shibaeva A.L. and etc. Thanks to them, the department gradually developed its “scientific face”. The head of the department was Professor Boyko VS, an expert in foreign literature. Since the separation (1934), the department was headed by Associate Professor U. Utekhina K.A., and the department of Russian and foreign literature was continued to be headed by Boyko V.S.
U. Utekhina, being an unsurpassed connoisseur of the history of the Russian language, formed the unique face of the linguists department, putting the teaching of linguistic disciplines at a sufficiently high level and bringing up a galaxy of remarkable Russianists, experts in their field. During this period, from the 30s-40s, V.I. Rakhmanin, E.S.Shaposhnikova, E.O.Zenina, Z.Y.Serov, K.P. Beisov, V.A. Alekseeva, N.M. Malecha, A.L.Shibaev worked with her.
Another significant person of the department was associate professor N.M. Malech, the founder of studying local dialect, the problem of studying of which became central in the scientific work of the department for a long 30 years. A man of difficult fate (he was exiled to Uralsk in 1934 from Ukraine due to slander of envious persons), he remained a true linguist with a broad outlook.
Following the path of the unknown, Nestor Mikhailovich was engaged in organizing annual student expeditions around the region to collect dialectological material. The faculty and students at the department created a scientific archive on dialectology, containing more than 7 thousand works, as well as writing texts from dialect speakers. The first result of the study of the material collected by him was his PhD thesis on the phonetic features of the Ural (Yaik) Cossack dialect.
Among the participants of the dialectological expeditions are the future teachers of the department - A.L. Shibaeva, N. G. Rusakova, head of the dialectological cabinet, later a well-known local historian and journalist B. Pyshkin and many others. On the basis of the accumulated material on folklore and dialectology, postgraduate study was opened (supervisor - Associate Scherbanov N.M.).
"Academic", like his appearance, were lectures N.M. Malechi on "Introduction to Linguistics", among which he read other courses of disciplines (Old Slavonic, the phonetics of the modern Russian language). And the eternal monument to the "chronicler Nestor" was published (2002-2004) by the Orenburg book publishing house "The Dictionary of Ural (Yaik) Cossack dialects" in 4 volumes, the foreword to which was written by Co-professor Nestor N.M. After graduating from our institute, V.I. Rakhmanina worked at the department from 1938 until retiring in 1973. She headed the department after the departure of KA Utekhina (1964-68). Calm and balanced, she was a connoisseur of the syntax of the modern Russian language, while at the same time she successfully read its other sections. Her scientific research was related to the study of local dialects, on the material of which she defended her dissertation in Kuibyshev (Samara), becoming a candidate of pedagogical sciences, an associate professorFor many years, KP Beisova taught a workshop on the Russian language and modern Russian. Being a man of deep knowledge, she was sick for every student.
Trainee of N.M. Malechi was A.L. Shibayeva, who studied the morphological features of the talk of the Ural Cossacks and successfully defended her thesis on this topic. Associate Professor L.A. Shibaeva, before leaving for a well-deserved rest in 1990, worked productively at the department. Her favorite subject was the Old Slavonic language, which she taught students with great skill and demandingness.
Another student and follower N.М.Malechi - N.G. Rusakova, traveled around our region in search of dialectological material. Senior Lecturer of the Department N.G. Rusakova adopted from her teacher the courses of introduction to linguistics and dialectology, in the teaching of which she had no equal. She linked her scientific interests with the study of the syntactic structure of the talk of the Ural Cossacks. Strict and demanding, Nadezhda Georgievna sought solid knowledge from students, which earned them respect.
A.S. Kryukova, after graduating from Kazakhstan Pedagogical Institute, arrived at the institute in the late 50s, and also “came to court”. Alla Serafimovna immediately joined in the dialectological expeditions, successfully taking up the study of the toponymy problem of the Ural region. The courses of vocabulary, phonetics, stylistics and linguistic analysis of the text she conducted at a high level.
Throughout his life, associated with the department and the institute V.M. Kostyukov. Having a good theoretical background, he was an erudite specialist in many aspects of the modern Russian language. He graduated from the graduate school under the guidance of Professor Makhmudov Kh.H. (Kazakhstan State University), became the successor of his stylistic school. Stylistics and word formation are those areas in which associate professor Kostyukov V.M. and his many graduate students.
After graduating from Saratov University at the end of 50s, Luneva TA began working at the department. She becomes an authoritative expert in the field of the history of the Russian language, and her range of scientific research was focused on the syntax of colloquial speech. she was a strict, principled, honest and uncompromising teacher.
In 1968, Associate Professor Koka A.A., who worked at our institute at the invitation of the Kazakh State University, was elected head of the department. A skilled organizer, calm, balanced, he tried to help young teachers. A.A. Koka headed the department until 1978. During these years, it stands out in a separate and becomes an independent department of the methodology of the Russian language.
Since 1978, the department has been headed by NS Zhigalin, who completed postgraduate studies at Moscow State University and successfully defended his thesis. A student of Professor Beloshapkova VA, he remained faithful to the chosen field of scientific research - the syntax of the modern Russian language. Nikolai Sergeevich was the first at the faculty to prepare graduate students, and since that time graduates have received recognition and diploma in life.
Since 1983, the head of the department goes to associate professor Bialiyeva KK, who has led it for 20 years, and for the last 10 years she has been the united chair of the Russian language and literature. Its merit was the stability and high scientific potential of the department of those years. A graduate of the faculty who defended her thesis at the Kazakh State University, Kabira Kaboshevna teaches courses in morphology and syntax of the modern Russian language. Associated with this specialization and its scientific researchFrom September 1987 to March 1988, Associate Professor Bialiyeva KK in the direction of the Ministry of Education of the USSR was on a business trip in Vietnam. She gave a course of lectures on the modern Russian language to students of the Hanoi Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages, she also took part in the work of a scientific and methodological seminar for Russian language specialists; was awarded the Friendship of Nations SRV medalIn August 1988, Associate Professor Bialiyeva KK participated in the work of the IAPRLL Congress in Moscow.
In the 90s, Associate Professor Latypova R.Kh. Having a good theoretical background, she reads vocabulary, phonetics, morphology, and linguistic analysis of the text, creating deep professional qualities for students. The circle of scientific interests of Rimma Khamitovna is connected with the analysis of the language of artistic works.
In the same years, the candidate of philological sciences R. D. Urunova, an expert in the history of the Russian language and general linguistics. Organically blending into the team, she becomes a reputable teacher, gets the title of assistant professor. Raisa Dzhavkharovna takes the relay from the department's dialectologists and with great enthusiasm leads the dialectological practice. Here she completed her doctoral thesis "Russian pronouns in a functional aspect (synchronous and diachronic analysis)."
In 2001, in connection with the expansion of the functional duties of the department (hours are transferred according to the method of teaching Russian language and, accordingly, the guidance of students' pedagogical practice), its staff is replenished with candidates of pedagogical sciences Daminova LK and Bisengalievoj I.V. The circle of scientific interests of associate professor Daminova L.K. is the problem "Activation of speech activity of students with the Kazakh language of instruction at the lessons of the Russian language." An important milestone in her creative biography is working for 2 years (1984-1986) in Laos at Vientiane Pedagogical University. As an experienced methodologist, Lyuzya Kadimovna successfully leads the pedagogical practice of philological students, actively introducing innovative methods of teaching Russian.
The traditions of the department are maintained and multiplied along with everyone by the senior teacher G.А.Donskova, the lexicologist and stylist, and the teacher Lukpanov KB, who is working on his thesis on “Lexical minima of the Kazakh language in the Russian school”.
Laboratory assistants of the department take a direct part in the organization of the educational process, among which the many years of hard work of V.I. Zakharyants, I.Voititskaya and N.S.Valitova, conscientiously and competently acting as senior laboratory assistant, should be especially noted.
The formation of the department of Russian and foreign literature is closely connected with the names of many prominent literary critics.
In the 30s G.I. Kulikov came to the department, a blind teacher, but who saw through the soul of a student. He taught courses in literature, Old Russian literature and other disciplines. For him, the lecture was not only a presentation of theoretical material, but also a kind of confession, through which he educated students Grigory Ivanovich, who read by heart, was in love with such works as «Житие протопопа Аввакума», «Повесть о Петре и Февронии» (Russian Romeo and Juliet). In the 60s, G.I. Kulikov already worked at the department of pedagogy, reading the most difficult course of logic.
The undoubted authority of the department was N.G. Evstratov, who began his journey at the same time. A graduate of the Saratov University, he was a type of truly Russian intellectual. He was a true friend of literature and a scholar who knew and read in depth the course of Russian literature of the 19th century. Nikolai Gavrilovich was an excellent interlocutor, for hours he could talk about Pushkin, Korolenko, about the Ural Cossacks, their original culture. His research interests were connected with the work of VG Korolenko, about whom he wrote several books (in 1941 he defended his thesis). Scientific research has always fascinated him, and besides, he never aspired to some positions, although in 1938-1954 he headed the department of Russian and foreign literature.
In the prewar and war years, the course of foreign literature was conducted by P.V. Taran, later deputy director of the Gorky Institute of Literature in Moscow, exiled “Ukrainian nationalist” Ye.Z. Litovchenko, thoughtful, intelligent, erudite T. Beisov (deputy director of the institute). Energetic, intelligent, similar to her husband N.G. Evstratov, L.A. Ryabinskaya, taught for many years the course of Russian literature of the 18th century.
An extraordinary person, the student's favorite was E.E. Sollertinsky, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, war veteran, holder of the Order of the Red Banner. Fluent in the material, the texts of the works of the classics, he was a true connoisseur of the Silver Age of Russian literature. From the mid-50s he headed the department, attracted students to participate in literary conferences, debates, competitions of readers, and sports competitions. Evgeny Evgenyevich was a real senior fellow for students.
Found my path in science and E.I. Korotin, Ph.D., associate professor. For many years (about 15 years), he was Deputy Dean of the Faculty, Head of the Department. During the whole time Korotin E.I. together with students and teachers of the department was engaged in collecting works of traditional and modern folklore Russians, Cossacks, Ukrainians. On the basis of the collected materials, he published a collection of folklore of the Ural Cossacks.
A lot of strength and energy was given to the department by the candidate of philological sciences, associate professor N.I. Fokin, in the period 70-90 he headed the department and replenished it with young professionals. Capable literary critic, Nikolai Ivanovich taught various courses. Strict, principled, he did not tolerate superficial knowledge and brought up in his students a love of reading fiction.
“Coryphaeus” in teaching the course of foreign literature was Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor Salikhov EZ, who completed postgraduate studies at the Literary Institute Gorky. Evgeny Zaynulovich freely owned material, did not use the recordings (only the lecture plan), he was available, interested in retelling the content of any artistic work of foreign literature.
In the 90s, the department was headed by associate professor N.M. Shcherbanov, a graduate of our institute, already in his student years showed an interest in literary local history and folklore of the Ural (Yaik) Cossacks. He first investigated the work of the writer I.I. Zheleznova, defended his thesis at Moscow State University. Mv Lomonosov. Reading the course of Russian literature of the beginning of the twentieth century, the Silver Age, he remained faithful to folklore and local history, preparing a monograph and doctoral dissertation "Ural in Russian literature and folklore of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries."
Creative methodologists were K.Ya. Surova and associate professor Tuaeva ZI Poetic nature, the unsurpassed reciter of poems, Klavdia Yakovlevna Surova considered the lesson of Russian literature as real poetry and taught students and teachers to create a lesson as such.
Zoya Ivanovna Tuaeva made a lot of new things in the methodology of teaching literature in the Kazakh school. She wrote a number of teaching aids, articles, and lessons. Correct, calm, hardworking, she won the love and deep respect of students and teachers of schools. After retirement, Z.I.Tuyeva, associate professor, collaborated a lot and fruitfully with WKSU, heading the State Examination Commission. In the same period, she prepared and delivered an interesting course of lectures on literature teaching methods from the end of the 20th to the beginning of the 21st centuries.
The contribution to the history of the department was made by A.G. Tabanova, a graduate of Moscow State University, specialist in Russian literature of the nineteenth century, a demanding teacher and a broad-minded person, her successor L.N. Plakhotnaya, now a teacher of Russian in Germany, V.P. Dokshina, a talented head of the pedagogical practice of students, AN Evstratov, a researcher of creativity VG Korolenko, Vinnik R.E., an expert in the field of Russian literature of the 18th-20th centuries, as well as young, but promising teachers, S.S. Folimonov and O.V. Oprya.
The topic of the Ph.D. thesis by Vydrina N.A., defended in 1986 at the Research Institute of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR (Moscow), is connected with the study of literary theory at school. Associate Professor Vydrina NA, being a worthy successor to the work of his teachers, is actively working in the field of improving the methods of teaching literature in high school and school. She has 30 publications in Kazakhstan and in foreign editions. In 2004, Natalia Alekseevna released a handbook "Features of the study of literary and folklore works in the modern school". Invaluable work of many years lab assistants of the department Dokshina VP (hereinafter the lecturer of the department) and Cherykaeva V.S.
Currently, traditional teaching technology at the department, as at the university as a whole, is increasingly being replaced by innovative technologies aimed at enhancing the learning process and the development of students' creative potential.
Over the past five years, the Department of Russian Language, Literature and Learning Theory has achieved some success, and it is not by chance that according to the results of the university-wide rating, it has been twice among the top five departments of the university.
At the department the magistracy was opened, in the framework of which 9 master's theses were defended.
Teacher Oprya OV successfully defended her thesis on "Folklore traditions in the work of V.I.Dal" at the Samara State University, teacher Folimonov S.S. - PhD thesis "Folklore of the Ural Cossacks in the works of VG Korolenko" in Saratov State University.
Senior teacher Donskova G.A. PhD thesis “Comparative Comparative Characteristics of the Dynamics of Ergonymic Nomination of the Lower Volga Region and Western Kazakhstan” at Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University.
The department systematically conducts traditional Pushkin holidays of poetry at the university scale, during the last two years two international conferences were organized: “The Works of M.A. Sholokhov in the Context of World Literature”, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the great writer and “A.S. Pushkin is a cultural space of the West and the East ”, which was held in the framework of the year of A.S. Pushkin in Kazakhstan.
Great achievements in the work of the department are associated with the intensive and fruitful activities of associate professor Shcherbanov NM, who in recent years has been its permanent director, author of a large number of scientific works related to the history of literature, folklore and literary local history. Subsequently, the department was headed by N.A. Vydrina.
In connection with the formation of the Department of General Linguistics and Translation, in 2012, the Department of Russian Philology and the Department of Foreign Languages began to function separately. Since that time, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor G.S. Umarova was appointed as Head of the Department of Russian Philology.
During the period when the department was headed by Gulnara Sidegalievna, the solution of problems of academic mobility was put under strict control. Skilful organizer and leader G.S. Umarova is the author of the monograph “The Picture of the World of the Kazakh Ethnos in the Works of V.I. Dahl and textbooks.
Since the 2016 school year, the candidate of philological sciences, associate professor AAAbdulmanov has been appointed the head of the department.
Since 2018, the department is again headed by Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, a prominent scholar-philologist G.S. Umarova.